Coronary Artery Disease

The build up of plaque causes coronary artery disease

What is Coronary Artery DiseaseCoronary artery disease (CAD – also known to as Coronary Heart Disease) is the most common form of heart disease.

This type of heart disease is caused by the build-up of plaque, a fatty-like substance, which narrows the inner walls of heart arteries. It is a combination of plaque and blood clot that clogs the arteries and can cause heart attacks and strokes.

Like any muscle, the heart needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients that are carried to it by the blood in the coronary arteries.

If not enough oxygen-carrying blood reaches the heart, the heart may respond with pain called angina. The pain is usually felt in the chest or sometimes in the left arm and shoulder. (However, the same inadequate blood supply may cause no symptoms, a condition called silent angina.)

When the blood supply is cut off completely, the result is a heart attack. The part of the heart that does not receive oxygen begins to die, and some of the heart muscle may be permanently damaged.

Who Can Get Coronary Artery Disease?

Heart disease affects all ages and races. Risk factors that can increase or speed up one’s risk for developing Coronary artery disease include gender, increasing age, family history of heart disease, smoking, diabetes, high-fat diet/elevated cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, high levels of stress, and lack of routine exercise.

Although medical treatments for heart disease have come a long way, controlling risk factors remains the key to preventing illness and death from coronary artery disease.

Death from coronary artery disease, therefore, is preventable because coronary artery disease is related to certain aspects of lifestyle.

In this section

Coronary Artery Disease – You are here
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts
Coronary Artery Disease Surgical Options
Medication for Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease Risk factors
Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms
Coronary Artery Disease Treatment Options
Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis

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