What is High Blood Pressure / Hypertension?

It’s quite normal for blood pressure to rise and fall throughout the day…

What is High Blood Pressure?… however, when blood pressure stays elevated over time that it is called high blood pressure / hypertension.

So what is high blood pressure, and how is it measured?

Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries.

When you have your blood pressure taken, you will note that the result is recorded as two numbers – the systolic pressure (as the heart beats) over the diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes between beats).

The measurement is written one above or before the other, with the systolic number on top and the diastolic number on the bottom.

For example, a blood pressure measurement of 120/80 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) is expressed verbally as “120 over 80.”

Normal blood pressure is less than 130 mm Hg systolic and less than 85 mm Hg diastolic. Optimal blood pressure is less than 120 mm Hg systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic.

If your blood pressure readings are consistently over 140/90 mm Hg or higher you have high blood pressure, another term for hypertension.

High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart attack. Your arteries bring oxygen-carrying blood to the heart muscle.  It is vital that the oxygen-carrying blood flows freely. If for whatever reason it is blocked, and your heart cannot get enough oxygen, then you are likely to experience chest pain, also known as “angina”.

Furthermore, if the flow of blood is blocked you may experience a heart attack.

Understanding High Blood Pressure – continued

What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The causes of high blood pressure vary. Causes may include narrowing of the arteries, a greater than normal volume of blood, or the heart beating faster or more forcefully than it should…

Who Can Get High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure tends to develop as people get older, but this is not a part of healthy aging…

Why is High Blood Pressure Important?
High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work too hard, increasing your chance (or risk) of getting heart disease and/or kidney disease, and for having a stroke…

What is Systolic Blood Pressure?
Systolic pressure is the force of blood in the arteries as the heart beats.

What is Diastolic Blood Pressure?
Diastolic pressure is the force of blood in the arteries as the heart relaxes between beats.

Related topics:

Monitoring Blood Pressure at Home
One of the greatest benefits of monitoring your blood pressure yourself is that you will have a much better understanding of your condition …

The Effect of High Blood Pressure on The Body
The effect of high blood pressure on the physiology is often under-estimated. On this page, we take a brief look at the effect of High Blood Pressure on the brain, eyes, arteries, kidneys, and heart…

 

The information contained on this site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical Advice.

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